Family Dental Group
4021 Miller Road, Flint, MI 48507

Basic Composition and Anatomy of Teeth

dca-blog_article-32_understanding-your-teeth

Your teeth are essential for everyday functioning. You use them to bite and chew, and they help you speak properly, but how much do you really know about them? Here’s a quick reference to help you understand the various types of teeth and their composition.

  • Your tooth’s crown is the visible portion inside your mouth.
  • The outer surface of your teeth is covered with enamel, the hardest substance in your body. It is mostly made up of the hard mineral, calcium phosphate.
  • The layer below your enamel is called dentin. It is made from living cells that secrete mineral.
  • Below dentin is the pulp, which is the central living structure of the tooth. It is full of blood vessels and nerve tissues.
  • Cementum consists of connective tissues designed to bind the tooth roots to the gums and jaw.
  • The periodontal ligament assists in holding your teeth against your jawbone.
  • The tooth root extends below the gum line and into the jaw.

Adult Teeth Types

Most adults have 32 teeth as described below.

  • Incisors are the four middle teeth located on the top and bottom of the jaw (eight total).
  • The four canine teeth are the pointed, sharp teeth located just outside of the incisors.
  • Eight premolars erupt between the molars and canine teeth.
  • Molars are the four flat teeth at the back of the mouth. They are used for grinding food.
  • The four third molars, commonly called wisdom teeth, erupt in the late teens, but they are often extracted to prevent complications.

Keep Teeth Healthy with Essential Dental Care

While an affordable dentist can help save your teeth when tooth decay, disease, or injury threaten them, even the best dentist can’t follow you home to make sure you’re cleaning them properly. To keep your smile healthy and bright, and spend less time in the dentist’s chair, brush twice each day with a soft-bristled toothbrush, and floss daily. If you experience bleeding, painful or swollen gums, or visible tooth decay, make an appointment with your dentist as soon as possible.

To learn about our family dentistry practice in Flint, call Family Dental Group today at (810) 515-8952 or make an appointment.

Family Dental Group offers affordable family dentistry and gentle, compassionate dental care in Flint. Our office is conveniently located with extended hours to meet your needs. At Family Dental Group, we provide most dental services, from basic preventative care and general dentistry to specialized procedures and complete dental reconstruction. We accept most dental insurance plans and offer affordable financial solutions for any budget. Patient satisfaction is our top priority and we strive to provide the exceptional, affordable dental care and personal touch that lead to lasting relationships. A smiling patient is our greatest reward and we look forward to keeping those smiles healthy, beautiful, and bright. Discover an affordable dentist who truly cares at Family Dental Group.

Read What Our Patients Say
Patient Reviews
Friendly staff, always very informative about the procedures, and I appreciate that appointments are on time.
Nicole B.
I am happy with Shannon and with my healthy mouth.
Mildred W.
I have seen Cheryl for years. She is friendly and thorough at cleaning
Marie O.
Everyone is professional, and helpful, and Dr. Madany is an excellent dentist. I feel I’m in good hands.
Dominic F.
I’ ve been very happy with Dr & staff and on time appointments.
Thomas H.
Kelly is the best!!!!
Brian S.
Dr. White was very professional and informative. I appreciate the time he took to help me understand each part of the appointment. He was very personable and kind. I would definitely recommend him to […]
Kellie W.
Great hygienist and dentist!
Savannah E.
Every thing was very good
Elzie G.
The staff was really nice & professional, and the Dr was professional.
Mortisa M.
The staff is always professional and gentle
Patrick S.
Friendly, knowledgeable staff that care to do things right and make sure you’re comfortable throughout the procedure.
Sabrina J.
I find this office to be friendly and professional.
Patrick S.
Decided to change dentist for my 15yr old son and super pleased i did over all seems like the best decision i made got an appointment right away fixed the problem he had been having in half hr that […]
Elizabeth W.
Great all around experience!!
Scott C.
I really enjoyed talking with Crystal and she did a great job with the x-rays and explaining everything. Dr. white was very nice.
Janelle H.
Wonderful Staff💯💯 Highly recommend them!
Vicki A.
The dentist and staff are friendly and experienced.
Janine M.
I like the fact that the doctors and dental assistants care about the patients and do a great job that keeps me coming back
Dexter G.
I would highly suggest making an appointment here. Everyone is so professional and sweet. I have never felt more comfortable and had such great work done. No hacks here!
Laura B.
We Accept Most Insurance Plans!
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We accept most insurance plans and will be happy to help you understand the coverage that you have. We will do our best to see that you receive your maximum insurance benefits for all covered services.

No Insurance? No Worries! See our discounts and offers here

Office Hours
  • Monday 8:00 AM - 7:00 PM
  • Tuesday 8:00 AM - 8:00 PM
  • Wednesday 10:00 AM - 7:30 PM
  • Thursday 8:00 AM - 8:00 PM
  • Friday 8:00 AM - 5:00 PM
  • Saturday 8:00 AM - 2:00 PM
  • Sunday Closed
Get in touch:
  • Phone: (810) 515-8952
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