Family Dental Group
4021 Miller Road, Flint, MI 48507

Basic Composition and Anatomy of Teeth

dca-blog_article-32_understanding-your-teeth

Your teeth are essential for everyday functioning. You use them to bite and chew, and they help you speak properly, but how much do you really know about them? Here’s a quick reference to help you understand the various types of teeth and their composition.

  • Your tooth’s crown is the visible portion inside your mouth.
  • The outer surface of your teeth is covered with enamel, the hardest substance in your body. It is mostly made up of the hard mineral, calcium phosphate.
  • The layer below your enamel is called dentin. It is made from living cells that secrete mineral.
  • Below dentin is the pulp, which is the central living structure of the tooth. It is full of blood vessels and nerve tissues.
  • Cementum consists of connective tissues designed to bind the tooth roots to the gums and jaw.
  • The periodontal ligament assists in holding your teeth against your jawbone.
  • The tooth root extends below the gum line and into the jaw.

Adult Teeth Types

Most adults have 32 teeth as described below.

  • Incisors are the four middle teeth located on the top and bottom of the jaw (eight total).
  • The four canine teeth are the pointed, sharp teeth located just outside of the incisors.
  • Eight premolars erupt between the molars and canine teeth.
  • Molars are the four flat teeth at the back of the mouth. They are used for grinding food.
  • The four third molars, commonly called wisdom teeth, erupt in the late teens, but they are often extracted to prevent complications.

Keep Teeth Healthy with Essential Dental Care

While an affordable dentist can help save your teeth when tooth decay, disease, or injury threaten them, even the best dentist can’t follow you home to make sure you’re cleaning them properly. To keep your smile healthy and bright, and spend less time in the dentist’s chair, brush twice each day with a soft-bristled toothbrush, and floss daily. If you experience bleeding, painful or swollen gums, or visible tooth decay, make an appointment with your dentist as soon as possible.

To learn about our family dentistry practice in Flint, call Family Dental Group today at (810) 515-8952 or make an appointment.

Family Dental Group offers affordable family dentistry and gentle, compassionate dental care in Flint. Our office is conveniently located with extended hours to meet your needs. At Family Dental Group, we provide most dental services, from basic preventative care and general dentistry to specialized procedures and complete dental reconstruction. We accept most dental insurance plans and offer affordable financial solutions for any budget. Patient satisfaction is our top priority and we strive to provide the exceptional, affordable dental care and personal touch that lead to lasting relationships. A smiling patient is our greatest reward and we look forward to keeping those smiles healthy, beautiful, and bright. Discover an affordable dentist who truly cares at Family Dental Group.

Read What Our Patients Say
Patient Reviews
Friendly Staff from Receptionist through Doctor Jim and Check out.
Mark S.
You guys are fantastic! Everyone is super friendly and helpful. I really appreciate that everything was explained to me before surgery and when I […]
Hillary D.
Wonderful, I was referred by a friend, so far so good. Dr. Butcher is wonderful .
Kathy R.
Excellent service with professional, friendly staff! Felt comfortable and at peace with the process. You know they are there to help you! Thank you!
Darwin W.
I have a great rapport with my hygienist. She is thorough, informative and "doesn't hurt too much." She has a great personality and I trust her work […]
Patricia S.
my experience is always excellent and the doctors and staff are always pleasant
Ellen D.
All around great service from everyone.
Catrina S.
Awesome experience, staff and doctor! Dr. Farber is so nice and experienced. The staff reflects the same.
Kelly S.
I was very empresses with the service I recieved. I came in 2 hours early for my appointment, because I got the times confused. Instead of telling me […]
Michael C.
Fast, on time,& Complete!
Donald L.
I Love FDG
Melissa J.
A professional practice which provides quality dentistry services and customer service.
Hannah W.
Very friendly staff. Was able to get me in the same day for an emergency.
Katrina R.
Fast, professional, no excessive waiting, great value.
Joseph W.
Great job.
Keith L.
Excellent experience, timely and painless
Deborah K.
Professional service delivered in a caring non-threatening manner.
Gary P.
Excellent dental work on recent visit.
Carl S.
my experience was great ; the staff is very professional yet easy to talk to. thank you kelly for a nice cleaning job.
Cosme C.
great staff. put me at ease.
Toby D.
This place is a great place to go. If you want a place where almost everything is done under one roof then this is the place to go
Bradley L.
Friendly and efficient.
Vera W.
Every one truly does go out of their way to help you!
Laura J.
Everyone is helpful and caring.
Loren W.
The service is great and everyone is very polite, nice and caring.
Kimberly Y.
Angie is awesome !!!
Chris W.
I have only had my initial visit, but if the rest of my visits are anything like the first one, this will be the first dentist office I have truly […]
Connie B.
Dr. Madany and his team are first class. He is a perfectionist and takes great pride in the quality of his work.
William N.
I use to go to the dentist office when I was younger & decided to give it a try. I was amaze at the service. It was great & on time... I'm a working […]
Malinda N.
A very thorough yet gentle cleaning.
Patricia S.
The best experience.
Mary H.
The girl that cleaned my teeth was very nice. I was pleased. I didn't expect to pay as much as I had too but I needed medication.
Dorothy A.
This was the best experience I have ever had with multiple extractions. I would recommend you to anyone and everyone I can! Thank you!
Misty O.
I felt right at home. Very good and friendly dentists, hygienists, desk clerk, etc. Very good hospitality and home-like settings. Good hours also. I […]
Garry M.
Dr Farber really cares about his patients that was the easiest root canal I've ever had done. I definitely have found me a great dentist. The entire […]
Phillip W.
Always excellent
Steven Y.
Dr. Farber helped me out quite a bit and he's very easy to go and see.
Michael O.
I always have an excellent experience with Dr. Butcher.
Stephanie E.
The staff is friendly and funny from ortho to regular dentistry. I always have great experiences!
Kiera T.
Best dental experience I've ever had
Laura S.
I've been going here for years and each and every time I've went, I've had excellent customer service and very knowledgeable staff. I would highly […]
Dexter J.
Shannon was great. I was having a difficult procedure done, and normal anesthetics don't work for long for me. She immediately stopped and got a […]
Brea G.
Love it there :)
Melissa J.
Everyone was very professional and very nice.
Keith L.
Great as usual
William D.
Cheryl is always friendly and very professional....love Family Dental
Juanita H.
Pleasant experience, staff was very friendly and knowledgeable.
Chris W.
Dr. Farber is the best and the staff is very friendly and helpful.
Marilyn B.
From the greeting at front desk to the check out desk, it was all good.
Pamela R.
I received your usual competent professional service.
Carol H.
We Accept Most Insurance Plans!
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We accept most insurance plans and will be happy to help you understand the coverage that you have. We will do our best to see that you receive your maximum insurance benefits for all covered services.

No Insurance? No Worries! See our discounts and offers here

Office Hours
  • Monday 8:00 AM - 8:00 PM
  • Tuesday 8:00 AM - 8:00 PM
  • Wednesday 7:00 AM - 8:00 PM
  • Thursday 8:00 AM - 8:00 PM
  • Friday 8:00 AM - 5:00 PM
  • Saturday 8:00 AM - 2:00 PM
  • Sunday Closed
Get in touch:
  • Phone: (810) 515-8952
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