Family Dental Group
4021 Miller Road, Flint, MI 48507

Basic Composition and Anatomy of Teeth


Your teeth are essential for everyday functioning. You use them to bite and chew, and they help you speak properly, but how much do you really know about them? Here’s a quick reference to help you understand the various types of teeth and their composition.

  • Your tooth’s crown is the visible portion inside your mouth.
  • The outer surface of your teeth is covered with enamel, the hardest substance in your body. It is mostly made up of the hard mineral, calcium phosphate.
  • The layer below your enamel is called dentin. It is made from living cells that secrete mineral.
  • Below dentin is the pulp, which is the central living structure of the tooth. It is full of blood vessels and nerve tissues.
  • Cementum consists of connective tissues designed to bind the tooth roots to the gums and jaw.
  • The periodontal ligament assists in holding your teeth against your jawbone.
  • The tooth root extends below the gum line and into the jaw.

Adult Teeth Types

Most adults have 32 teeth as described below.

  • Incisors are the four middle teeth located on the top and bottom of the jaw (eight total).
  • The four canine teeth are the pointed, sharp teeth located just outside of the incisors.
  • Eight premolars erupt between the molars and canine teeth.
  • Molars are the four flat teeth at the back of the mouth. They are used for grinding food.
  • The four third molars, commonly called wisdom teeth, erupt in the late teens, but they are often extracted to prevent complications.

Keep Teeth Healthy with Essential Dental Care

While an affordable dentist can help save your teeth when tooth decay, disease, or injury threaten them, even the best dentist can’t follow you home to make sure you’re cleaning them properly. To keep your smile healthy and bright, and spend less time in the dentist’s chair, brush twice each day with a soft-bristled toothbrush, and floss daily. If you experience bleeding, painful or swollen gums, or visible tooth decay, make an appointment with your dentist as soon as possible.

To learn about our family dentistry practice in Flint, call Family Dental Group today at (810) 515-8952 or make an appointment.

Family Dental Group offers affordable family dentistry and gentle, compassionate dental care in Flint. Our office is conveniently located with extended hours to meet your needs. At Family Dental Group, we provide most dental services, from basic preventative care and general dentistry to specialized procedures and complete dental reconstruction. We accept most dental insurance plans and offer affordable financial solutions for any budget. Patient satisfaction is our top priority and we strive to provide the exceptional, affordable dental care and personal touch that lead to lasting relationships. A smiling patient is our greatest reward and we look forward to keeping those smiles healthy, beautiful, and bright. Discover an affordable dentist who truly cares at Family Dental Group.

Read What Our Patients Say
Patient Reviews
Very good service all around
Scott C.
Personel, cleanliness.
Linda A.
I was nervous of coming in. Everyone was nice and I am glad I came in.
Heather W.
Lisa C.
Friendly staff, always very informative about the procedures, and I appreciate that appointments are on time.
Nicole B.
Expert care,
Ronald C.
The friendliness and especially the efficiency with which the appointment was handled. Dr. White took time and explained what needed to be done and did it confidently and with a gentle touch.
Angela L.
Your staff is very polite.
Allan L.
Decided to change dentist for my 15yr old son and super pleased i did over all seems like the best decision i made got an appointment right away fixed the problem he had been having in half hr that […]
Elizabeth W.
Dr. Madany has seen my 3 & 4 year old several times, and was fantastic! My 3 year old injured her mouth, late in the evening, and he saw her right away. Can’t say enough good about his.
Tess R.
I had a crown replaced that was only a year old since it cracked while eating. It was replaced free of charge.2nd thing done was a partial for my bottom teeth. I am Very Satisfied with Dr White and […]
Cynthia Z.
Dr, White is great, Coco was great love the office environment everything was amazing,
Carlos S.
Very professional. No waiting all day for my appointment. Overall friendly staff.
Erin G.
Every thing was very good
Elzie G.
I have seen Cheryl for years. She is friendly and thorough at cleaning
Marie O.
Everyone is professional, and helpful, and Dr. Madany is an excellent dentist. I feel I’m in good hands.
Dominic F.
pleasant hygienist
Jeanette R.
Wonderful Staff Highly recommend them!
Vicki A.
Excellent service
Michael C.
Everyone was very friendly and welcoming!
Ronda M.
We Accept Most Insurance Plans!
Learn More

We accept most insurance plans and will be happy to help you understand the coverage that you have. We will do our best to see that you receive your maximum insurance benefits for all covered services.

No Insurance? No Worries! See our discounts and offers here

Office Hours
  • Monday 8:00 AM - 7:00 PM
  • Tuesday 8:00 AM - 8:00 PM
  • Wednesday 10:00 AM - 8:00 PM
  • Thursday 8:00 AM - 8:00 PM
  • Friday 8:00 AM - 5:00 PM
  • Saturday 8:00 AM - 2:00 PM
  • Sunday Closed
Get in touch:
  • Phone: (810) 515-8952
Our Location