Family Dental Group
4021 Miller Road, Flint, MI 48507

Basic Composition and Anatomy of Teeth

dca-blog_article-32_understanding-your-teeth

Your teeth are essential for everyday functioning. You use them to bite and chew, and they help you speak properly, but how much do you really know about them? Here’s a quick reference to help you understand the various types of teeth and their composition.

  • Your tooth’s crown is the visible portion inside your mouth.
  • The outer surface of your teeth is covered with enamel, the hardest substance in your body. It is mostly made up of the hard mineral, calcium phosphate.
  • The layer below your enamel is called dentin. It is made from living cells that secrete mineral.
  • Below dentin is the pulp, which is the central living structure of the tooth. It is full of blood vessels and nerve tissues.
  • Cementum consists of connective tissues designed to bind the tooth roots to the gums and jaw.
  • The periodontal ligament assists in holding your teeth against your jawbone.
  • The tooth root extends below the gum line and into the jaw.

Adult Teeth Types

Most adults have 32 teeth as described below.

  • Incisors are the four middle teeth located on the top and bottom of the jaw (eight total).
  • The four canine teeth are the pointed, sharp teeth located just outside of the incisors.
  • Eight premolars erupt between the molars and canine teeth.
  • Molars are the four flat teeth at the back of the mouth. They are used for grinding food.
  • The four third molars, commonly called wisdom teeth, erupt in the late teens, but they are often extracted to prevent complications.

Keep Teeth Healthy with Essential Dental Care

While an affordable dentist can help save your teeth when tooth decay, disease, or injury threaten them, even the best dentist can’t follow you home to make sure you’re cleaning them properly. To keep your smile healthy and bright, and spend less time in the dentist’s chair, brush twice each day with a soft-bristled toothbrush, and floss daily. If you experience bleeding, painful or swollen gums, or visible tooth decay, make an appointment with your dentist as soon as possible.

To learn about our family dentistry practice in Flint, call Family Dental Group today at (810) 515-8952 or make an appointment.

Family Dental Group offers affordable family dentistry and gentle, compassionate dental care in Flint. Our office is conveniently located with extended hours to meet your needs. At Family Dental Group, we provide most dental services, from basic preventative care and general dentistry to specialized procedures and complete dental reconstruction. We accept most dental insurance plans and offer affordable financial solutions for any budget. Patient satisfaction is our top priority and we strive to provide the exceptional, affordable dental care and personal touch that lead to lasting relationships. A smiling patient is our greatest reward and we look forward to keeping those smiles healthy, beautiful, and bright. Discover an affordable dentist who truly cares at Family Dental Group.

Read What Our Patients Say
Patient Reviews
I find this office to be friendly and professional.
Patrick S.
Everybody’s cool there. Doctor Madany gets the job done and answers all questions. He Did an awesome job on my crown. The ladies are all very good at their respective jobs!
Calvin S.
pleasant hygienist
Jeanette R.
Very professional. No waiting all day for my appointment. Overall friendly staff.
Erin G.
I enjoy going to the dentist especially at family dental group. They are all so down to earth and kind. Also everyone laughs and enjoys themselves while working witch makes for a better over all […]
Sarah Y.
I get personal care from everyone in the office. Chrystal and Dr White made sure I was satisfied before I left the office.
Arlene C.
Excellent staff – love Dr. Butcher
Pamela Y.
Excellent work!
Daniel B.
The staff was very friendly and helpful. And the dentist did an excellent job with the procedure and was very helpful. Overall I was pleasantly surprised at the ease of the procedure and how well it […]
Oliver K.
Very friendly and excellent staff
Michael S.
The hygienist and hygienist assistant were so sweet and caring to my 5 year old daughter. She is very shy and also nervous at the dentist and they both really went above and beyond to make her feel […]
Zofia R.
I have been going to Family Dental for quite a few years. I enjoy the people and the work they do.
Elizabeth L.
Decided to change dentist for my 15yr old son and super pleased i did over all seems like the best decision i made got an appointment right away fixed the problem he had been having in half hr that […]
Elizabeth W.
Over all positive experience
Denise L.
Every thing was very good
Elzie G.
Your office is very accommodating, thoughtful, friendly.
Debra S.
Got to get my cleaning done on day 1!
Brandy N.
Efficient professional service by skilled personnel. Dr. Butcher, Shannon and Colleen are the best.
Gary P.
I have seen Cheryl for years. She is friendly and thorough at cleaning
Marie O.
Amazing care and the outstanding staff
Cassandra H.
We Accept Most Insurance Plans!
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We accept most insurance plans and will be happy to help you understand the coverage that you have. We will do our best to see that you receive your maximum insurance benefits for all covered services.

No Insurance? No Worries! See our discounts and offers here

Office Hours
  • Monday 8:00 AM - 5:00 PM
  • Tuesday 8:00 AM - 8:00 PM
  • Wednesday 10:00 AM - 8:00 PM
  • Thursday 8:00 AM - 8:00 PM
  • Friday 8:00 AM - 5:00 PM
  • Saturday 8:00 AM - 2:00 PM
  • Sunday Closed
Get in touch:
  • Phone: (810) 515-8952
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