Family Dental Group
4021 Miller Road, Flint, MI 48507

Basic Composition and Anatomy of Teeth

dca-blog_article-32_understanding-your-teeth

Your teeth are essential for everyday functioning. You use them to bite and chew, and they help you speak properly, but how much do you really know about them? Here’s a quick reference to help you understand the various types of teeth and their composition.

  • Your tooth’s crown is the visible portion inside your mouth.
  • The outer surface of your teeth is covered with enamel, the hardest substance in your body. It is mostly made up of the hard mineral, calcium phosphate.
  • The layer below your enamel is called dentin. It is made from living cells that secrete mineral.
  • Below dentin is the pulp, which is the central living structure of the tooth. It is full of blood vessels and nerve tissues.
  • Cementum consists of connective tissues designed to bind the tooth roots to the gums and jaw.
  • The periodontal ligament assists in holding your teeth against your jawbone.
  • The tooth root extends below the gum line and into the jaw.

Adult Teeth Types

Most adults have 32 teeth as described below.

  • Incisors are the four middle teeth located on the top and bottom of the jaw (eight total).
  • The four canine teeth are the pointed, sharp teeth located just outside of the incisors.
  • Eight premolars erupt between the molars and canine teeth.
  • Molars are the four flat teeth at the back of the mouth. They are used for grinding food.
  • The four third molars, commonly called wisdom teeth, erupt in the late teens, but they are often extracted to prevent complications.

Keep Teeth Healthy with Essential Dental Care

While an affordable dentist can help save your teeth when tooth decay, disease, or injury threaten them, even the best dentist can’t follow you home to make sure you’re cleaning them properly. To keep your smile healthy and bright, and spend less time in the dentist’s chair, brush twice each day with a soft-bristled toothbrush, and floss daily. If you experience bleeding, painful or swollen gums, or visible tooth decay, make an appointment with your dentist as soon as possible.

To learn about our family dentistry practice in Flint, call Family Dental Group today at (810) 515-8952 or make an appointment.

Family Dental Group offers affordable family dentistry and gentle, compassionate dental care in Flint. Our office is conveniently located with extended hours to meet your needs. At Family Dental Group, we provide most dental services, from basic preventative care and general dentistry to specialized procedures and complete dental reconstruction. We accept most dental insurance plans and offer affordable financial solutions for any budget. Patient satisfaction is our top priority and we strive to provide the exceptional, affordable dental care and personal touch that lead to lasting relationships. A smiling patient is our greatest reward and we look forward to keeping those smiles healthy, beautiful, and bright. Discover an affordable dentist who truly cares at Family Dental Group.

Read What Our Patients Say
Patient Reviews
Decided to change dentist for my 15yr old son and super pleased i did over all seems like the best decision i made got an appointment right away fixed the problem he had been having in half hr that […]
Elizabeth W.
I have been going to Family Dental for quite a few years. I enjoy the people and the work they do.
Elizabeth L.
Quality of service from Dr. Madany and his team. As good as it gets.
William N.
I’ ve been very happy with Dr & staff and on time appointments.
Thomas H.
Everybody’s cool there. Doctor Madany gets the job done and answers all questions. He Did an awesome job on my crown. The ladies are all very good at their respective jobs!
Calvin S.
I enjoy going to the dentist especially at family dental group. They are all so down to earth and kind. Also everyone laughs and enjoys themselves while working witch makes for a better over all […]
Sarah Y.
They were great with my 6yr old son. He’s not afraid of the dentist anymore thank you.
Eddie Z.
The visit was very pleasant and the dental hygienist was great. Very caring and sweet and she knew what she was doing. The best one that I have had!!!
Kathleen R.
I really enjoyed talking with Crystal and she did a great job with the x-rays and explaining everything. Dr. white was very nice.
Janelle H.
You are friendly, courteous and help relieve anxiety just by your kindness. My procedures have been painless and performed with obvious skill and professionalism. I have not been to a dentist in 20 […]
Janice G.
Very professional. No waiting all day for my appointment. Overall friendly staff.
Erin G.
Good service and friendly staff.
Oliver K.
Everyone was extremely friendly, especially crystal. She was very sweet to not only me but my little one too.
Maryann F.
Personel, cleanliness.
Linda A.
I am happy with Shannon and with my healthy mouth.
Mildred W.
Your office is very accommodating, thoughtful, friendly.
Debra S.
The people at family dental group always show me that they care and are professional in the dental service they provide for me.
Dexter G.
The friendliness and especially the efficiency with which the appointment was handled. Dr. White took time and explained what needed to be done and did it confidently and with a gentle touch.
Angela L.
I like the fact that the doctors and dental assistants care about the patients and do a great job that keeps me coming back
Dexter G.
Very friendly very clean. Dr. Madany is awesome.
Krystal S.
We Accept Most Insurance Plans!
Learn More

We accept most insurance plans and will be happy to help you understand the coverage that you have. We will do our best to see that you receive your maximum insurance benefits for all covered services.

No Insurance? No Worries! See our discounts and offers here

Office Hours
  • Monday 8:00 AM - 5:00 PM
  • Tuesday 8:00 AM - 8:00 PM
  • Wednesday 10:00 AM - 8:00 PM
  • Thursday 8:00 AM - 8:00 PM
  • Friday 8:00 AM - 5:00 PM
  • Saturday 8:00 AM - 2:00 PM
Get in touch:
  • Phone: (810) 515-8952
Our Location